Gauthier Mouton, Institut d'études internationales de Montréal (IEIM-UQAM)

Depuis la découverte du premier cas humain porteur du coronavirus (Covid-19) le 8 décembre 2019, à Wuhan en Chine, l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) a déclaré le 11 mars 2020 que la situation sanitaire constitue désormais une pandémie. Sur les 122 pays touchés, le nombre de cas à l’échelle globale (97 997) a dépassé officiellement le nombre de cas en Chine (81 032) selon les données recueillies par l’Université John Hopkins – pour un total actuel de plus de 180 000 cas (à midi, le 16 mars 2020). Le virus n’a pas de passeport et la vitesse exponentielle de propagation du Covid-19 engage désormais toutes les ressources politiques, humaines et sanitaires des États. L’urgence de la situation requiert que l’Institut d’études internationales de Montréal offre une recherche rigoureuse et au diapason de l’actualité.

le Canada ferme ses frontières, sauf avec les États-Unis

Dès mercredi midi, les frontières canadiennes seront fermées à tous ceux qui ne sont pas des citoyens canadiens ou des résidents permanents. Il y aura cependant certaines exceptions, notamment pour les Américains. Le premier ministre Justin Trudeau en a fait l’annonce lundi après-midi, à la porte de sa résidence où il poursuit son isolement volontaire, sa conjointe ayant contracté la COVID-19.

Le président américain Donald Trump

Rassemblements limités à 10 personnes, premier couvre-feu imposé dans l'Etat du New Jersey, ralentissement inédit de métropoles comme New York, Chicago, Los Angeles: les Etats-Unis s'alignent sur les mesures drastiques prises par certains pays européens face au coronavirus.Témoin de l'accélération des mesures: le président Donald Trump a recommandé lundi depuis la Maison Blanche de limiter les rassemblements à 10 personnes, contre 50 dimanche encore, de fermer les écoles - déjà à l'arrêt dans des métropoles comme New York, Washington, Chicago ou Los Angeles - de ne plus sortir dans les bars et restaurants et d'éviter les voyages non essentiels, sur fond de nouveau plongeon de Wall Street qui craint la récession.

Following the declaration of a public health emergency, Mayor Walsh also shared the following updates and announced new regulations for restaurants, bars and clubs:
BOSTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Mayor Walsh and Boston Public Schools (BPS) Superintendent Brenda Cassellius today announced details on the City's planning efforts to ensure that essential services and supports for students remain available when schools close districtwide on Tuesday, March 17. Those essential services include making food available to the 72 percent of BPS students who rely on the free meals served in Boston's public schools. Beginning on Tuesday, families can pick up a variety of packaged meal options at 47 different locations across Boston, every weekday from 8:30 to 11:30 a.m.

New Cross-Agency Structure To Focus On Responding To Disease, Supporting Communities & Residents
BOSTON – The Baker-Polito Administration today announced the creation of a new COVID-19 Response Command Center. Governor Charlie Baker has asked Health and Human Services Secretary Marylou Sudders to lead this cross-secretariat response to the outbreak of COVID-19 to compliment the work that has been underway for weeks across state government to keep residents safe and healthy.

BOSTON - Saturday, March 14, 2020 - Mayor Martin J. Walsh, the Greater Boston Real Estate Board and its entity the Massachusetts Apartment Association, and the Massachusetts Association of Community Development Corporations today announced they have created a partnership to impose a moratorium on evictions while Massachusetts is under a state of emergency. These actions, in partnership with property owners throughout Boston, are intended to protect residents during the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19), which has prompted states of emergency at the state and federal levels. Property owners are encouraged to implement a moratorium on evictions that could be in effect for 90 days, with reviews every 30 days.

BOSTON - Friday, March 13, 2020 - Mayor Martin J. Walsh and Boston Public Schools Superintendent Brenda Cassellius today announced the district-wide closure of all Boston Public Schools for students, effective on Tuesday, March 17. At this time, schools are expected to reopen on Monday, April 27, following April vacation. Schools will be open for a regular school day on Monday, March 16 to allow the flexibility needed to ensure a smooth transition that will allow for parents to plan, students to gather belongings, and the distribution of any learning materials that are ready for use at home.

Les écoles publiques de Brockton et de Boston seront fermées du Mardi 17 Mars au Vendredi 27 Avril, selon des informations publiées sur les sites web de ces deux villes où habitent une importante population haïtienne. Dans le domaine de la justice, tous les procès dans les tribunaux du Massachusetts sont reportés pour au mojns 5 semaines.

Most gatherings of over 250 people will be prohibited
BOSTON – Today, Governor Charlie Baker issued an emergency order prohibiting most gatherings of over 250 people in an effort to limit the spread of the Coronavirus. The order includes, but is not limited, to the following events: community, civic, public, leisure, faith-based events, sporting events with spectators, concerts, conventions, fundraisers, parades, fairs, festivals, and any similar event or activity that brings together 250 or more persons in a single room or single space at the same time in a venue such as an auditorium, stadium, arena, large conference room, meeting hall, theatre, or any other confined indoor or outdoor space.

Order will allow state, quasi and local governments to carry out essential functions during COVID-19 outbreak
BOSTON – The Baker-Polito Administration today announced an emergency order temporarily modifying the state's open meeting law in order to allow state, quasi and local governments to continue to carry out essential functions and operations during the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak.

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